HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. It is a language for describing web-pages using ordinary text. It is not a complex programming language.
HTML is not a programming language, meaning it doesn’t have the ability to create dynamic functionality. Instead, it makes it possible to organize and format documents, similar to Microsoft Word. The Web page is actually an HTML file. Each file is just a plain-text file, but with a .html file extension and a web page build with many tags and content. A web site will contain more than one file that links to each other.
The History of HTML
HTML was invented by Tim Berners-Lee, a physicist at the CERN research institute in Switzerland. He came up with the idea of an Internet-based hypertext system.
Hypertext means a text that contains references to other texts that viewers can access immediately. He published the first version of HTML in 1991, consisting of 18 tags. Since then, each new version of the HTML language came with new tags and attributes (tag modifiers) to the markup.
Due to a quick rise in popularity, It is now considered an official web standard. Its specifications are maintained and developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). You can check out the latest state of the language anytime on W3C’s website.
The biggest upgrade of the language was the introduction of HTML5 in 2014. It added several new semantic tags to the markup, that reveal the meaning of their own content, such as <article>, <header>, and <footer>.
Basic Page Structure:
Basic page structure contains tags like head, title, body, etc. Below is a basic page structure.
<!DOCTYPE html> <html lang="en"> <head> <title>Page Title</title> </head> <body> <!-- Your Content Here --> </body> </html>
<!DOCTYPE html> This tag is used to tells the HTML version. This currently tells that the version is HTML 5.
What are the tags:
Tags are the hidden keywords within a web page that define how your web browser must format and display the content.
Most tags must have two parts, an opening, and a closing part. For example, <body> is the opening tag and </body> is the closing tag. The closing tag has the same text as the opening tag but has an additional forward-slash ( / ) before the text.
The file can contain as little or as many tags as you want to display your content.
Some Basic Tags:
There are lots of HTML tags out there but here are some of the basic tags,
<!DOCTYPE html> Defines the document type <html> Defines an HTML document <head> Head tag Contains meta tags <title> Defines a title for the document <body> Defines the document's body <h1> to <h6> Defines HTML headings <p> Defines a paragraph <img> Use to call images in Webpages <form> Defines an HTML form for user input <input> Defines an input control <button> Defines a button <select> Defines a options drop-down list <br> Inserts a single line break
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